Conserving Palmyra's Ancient Heritage: Challenges, Strategies, and Innovative Solutions




Heritage Conservation, Palmyra, Cultural Heritage, AI, Innovative Conservation Strategies.


The ongoing conflict in Syria has inflicted significant damage on the cultural heritage of Palmyra, with monuments, temples, and tombs severely destroyed or damaged, and valuable artifacts lost due to looting and illegal excavation. Inadequate funding, resources, and a lack of a legal framework for heritage protection exacerbate the situation. This article explores various conservation strategies to address these issues, including international cooperation, documentation and mapping of archaeological sites, community engagement, and the establishment of a legal framework for heritage protection. Case studies of successful conservation projects offer valuable insights into effective strategies for preserving cultural heritage in conflict-affected areas. Additionally, the integration of artificial intelligence (AI) presents promising solutions for heritage conservation. AI technologies can assist in documenting and mapping archaeological sites, assessing damage, predicting future threats, and creating virtual reconstructions of destroyed heritage buildings. This study aims to analyze the obstacles in conserving Palmyra's heritage buildings during the Syrian conflict and propose effective strategies for conservation. The research addresses challenges such as conflict, looting, inadequate resources, and the lack of a legal framework for heritage protection. Preserving Palmyra's ancient heritage is crucial for humanity's cultural legacy. Despite these challenges, the international community, local stakeholders, and innovative technologies offer hope for restoration and preservation.


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Author Biography

Shabnam Golkarian, Near East Boulevard, Nicosia, Turkey. 

Assist.Prof.Dr. Shabnam Golkarian, Department of Architecture, Near East University, Near East Boulevard, Nicosia, Turkey. 


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How to Cite

Golkarian, S. (2024). Conserving Palmyra's Ancient Heritage: Challenges, Strategies, and Innovative Solutions. Amazonia Investiga, 13(76), 173–187.